EVOLUTION OF AGRICULTURE | Best MBA college in Bangalore

Posted by Prof. Anil Kumar On 07/10/2021 10:16:10

Advancing technology has been the biggest influence on farming through the history of agriculture. Not only does farming provide us food, but it also supplies materials to other industries, like cotton for textiles, making it an essential component of the economy. But agriculture as we know it wasn’t always such a central part of life.

In fact, there was a time where we roamed around looking for food, rather than growing it in one place. At this point, we had very few tools at our disposal. Now, our tech is so advanced, we can grow crops in space!


Long before Ancient Egypt ever existed, early humans hunted prey and gathered edible plants, never settling in one place for too long. But about 12,000 years ago, in what historians refer to as the Fertile Crescent (modern-day Turkey, Iraq, Iran, and more), farming was born. Farming marked the beginning of permanent settlements, replacing the nomadic hunter-gatherer model. It changed human life so much that we’ve since labeled it the Neolithic Revolution  


A couple of thousand years later, during the Bronze Age, we developed advanced metalworking techniques, which allowed us to make better tools. For example, bronze axes and bronze plows allowed farmers to clear and prepare larger areas for farming than those made from stone and wood. Farming saw some of its biggest inventions in the 19th century.


The next biggest change to the agriculture industry included hybridization, Sustainable alternatives to conventional farming are in higher demand than ever as being “environmentally friendly” gains popularity. Traditional field farming has a reputation for damaging natural ecosystems.


Major technology innovations in the space have focused on areas such as indoor vertical farming, automation and robotics, livestock technology, modern greenhouse practices, precision agriculture and artificial intelligence, and blockchain


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