Features of New Education Policy and its impact on Higher Education | MBA in Bangalore

Posted by Sushmita S On 21/05/2022 11:01:54

The National Policy on Education (NPE) is a government of India policy aimed at promoting education among Indian citizens. The ultimate goal of this policy is to make "India a worldwide knowledge superpower." The first NPE was issued by the Indian government in 1968 by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, the second in 1986 by Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, and the third in 2020 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. MBA in Bangalore

NEP has implemented numerous changes and innovative advancements in the higher education sector. The following are some of the most notable features:


  • Except for legal and medical education, the NEP proposes to establish the Higher Education Commission of India as a single regulating authority.
  • Multiple entries and exit program: Those who desire to leave the course in the middle will have multiple entry and exit alternatives. Academic Bank of Credits will transfer their credits to them (ABC). 
  • Apps and TV channels provide a tech-based option for adult learning. 
  • Regional languages will be offered for e-courses:
  • International universities to open campuses in India: A new rule will make it easier for the world's top 100 foreign universities to operate in India. 
  • All colleges take the same entrance exam: The National Testing Agency will conduct a common entrance exam for all higher education institutions (NTA). 
  • There will be four verticals in the HECI: a) The National Higher Education Regulatory Commission (NHERC) regulates higher education, including teacher education, but not medical or legal education. b) NAC is considered a "meta-accrediting body." c) HEGC), for university and college funding and financing, and d) GEC, for standard-setting.



  • The plan to establish the Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) as an umbrella agency for higher education, excluding medical and legal education, is a key change in NEP 2020. This generally prompts the question of what will become of the current UGC and AICTE.
  • HECI will not have any financial capabilities under the new Bill. The Ministry of Education, formerly known as the Ministry of Human Resource Development, will oversee the financial processes that were previously handled by the University Grants Commission (UGC) (MHRD). However, this adjustment is likely to help India's Higher Education sector clean up its regulatory mess.
  • NHERC, GEC, HEGC, and NAC are intended to be four separate verticals in HECI. A single umbrella body was always required for uniformity in education standards, and this has been a vision of many educators. This is seen as an important step toward streamlining education policy.
  • One of the fundamental characteristics of NEP 2020 is the concept of "empowerment and autonomy to innovate," which supports a "phasing out" plan from Affiliated Colleges to Autonomous Institutions. Curriculum enrichment is also largely owing to the extra flexibility afforded to independent institutions.
  • The declaration that the country will establish Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities (MERUs) adds to the hope. These institutions will be on par with the existing IITs and IIMs and will aim to provide Indian students with multidisciplinary education.
  • Another significant change suggested by the NEP 2020 is that the National Testing Agency will act as a premier, expert, autonomous testing organization for undergraduate and graduate admissions and fellowships in Higher Education Institutions, reducing the burden on students, universities, colleges, and the entire educational system.
  • NEP 2020 also permits the admission of international universities and colleges to India. The Indian higher education sector is vibrating with excitement as it prepares to welcome foreign universities to establish campuses in the country. Over 7 lakh Indian students are already studying overseas. As a result of this approach, world-class education will be offered locally at a far cheaper cost without the need to travel, human capital will be migrating to other countries for study, and job opportunities will be significantly reduced.
  • According to the policy, a holistic and multidisciplinary education would attempt to develop all human capacities in an integrated manner, including intellectual, aesthetic, social, physical, emotional, and moral. Individuals with critical 21st-century capacities in the arts, humanities, languages, sciences, social sciences, and professional, technical, and vocational sectors will benefit from such an education.
  • Even though the new policy states that higher education institutions will have the freedom to start PG courses, designing a one-year PG degree for students who have completed a four-year undergraduate degree and a two-year PG degree for students who have completed a three-year undergraduate degree, may be difficult.


To summarise, the new education policy has a commendable vision, but its effectiveness will be determined by its ability to effectively integrate with other government policy initiatives such as Digital India, Skill India, and the New Industrial Policy, to name a few, in order to achieve a coherent structural transformation.


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